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Responding to School Violence

Know the Signs

Based in Newtown, Connecticut, Sandy Hook Promise's sole purpose is to prevent gun violence BEFORE it happens so that no other parents experience the senseless, horrific loss of their child. SHP delivers, at no cost, four Know the Signs programs and practices that teach youth and adults to recognize signs and signals of individuals who may be at-risk of hurting themselves or others and intervene to get them help before it is too late. SHP’s Know The Signs programs have helped stop multiple school shootings, suicides and gun threats, reduced bullying and
victimization, and helped hundreds of youth to receive mental health and wellness assistance. For more information about Sandy Hook Promise and our Know the Signs program, please visit

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) states that children’s reactions to shootings are greatly dependent on how parents, teachers, and caregivers respond to the event. This article explains common reactions and ways to take care of yourself and children.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) explores the physiological reactions to a shooting such as the reactions to danger, post-traumatic stress, grief, traumatic grief, depression, physical symptoms, trauma and loss reminders, and post-violent stress adversities, in addition to the consequences to these reactions.

The Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (CSTS) explains how to communicate effectively with your children and suggests answers to common questions regarding the aftermath of a mass shooting.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) offers tips on how to talk to children about a shooting.